Observing Geometry for the 2017 Apparition

The plots presented here are for general planning purposes. If you need more detailed values for the different geometric conditions, use the JPL Horizons routines to compute the values for your specific situation.

Geometry was computed using the orbital solution JPL#36.



Heliocentric and Geocentric Distances

2017 Plot of Heliocentric and Geocentric Distances
PDF Version



Solar Elongation and Solar Phase Angle

2017 Solar Elongation and Phase Angle
PDF Version

Expanded view of the angles around close approach:

2017 Solar Elongation and Phase Angle - Expanded view
PDF Version



Orbit Plane Angle

2017 Orbit Plane Angle
PDF Version



Predicted Brightness

2017 Predicted Brightness
PDF Version



True Anomaly

Notice that the true anomaly has a discontinuity at close approach. This is caused by the changes in the asteroid's orbit from the gravitational effects of the Earth.

2017 True Anomaly
PDF Version




Rise, set and visibility from different latitudes

The asteroid rises and sets at different times depending on the observer's latitude and longitude. The plots below provide information for approximating when the asteroid will be visible, and how long it will be observable from a given location on a given date.

Plots are given for latitude intervals of 5°, which is usually close enough for general planning purposes. Rise and set times are given in UTC for 0° longitude. For other latitudes, these times will be approximate to the local time, which should again be sufficient for basic planning purposes. Note, however, that there will be an offset (typically < 1/2 hr) for different longitudes, so if more accuracy is needed, then you should obtain a more detailed ephemeris.

How to read these plots

We provide a more detailed description of the Rise/Set and visibility plots, and an example of how to read the information here (PDF).


Asteroid visibility (TimeUp) and Rise/Set plots

Pre-encounter Close approach post encounter
+50° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
+45° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
+40° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
+35° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
+30° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
+25° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
+20° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
+15° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
+10° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
+5° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
0° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
-5° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
-10° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
-15° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
-20° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
-25° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
-30° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
-35° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
-40° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
-45° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set
-50° Latitude Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set Timeup Rise/Set